Homologous of S-13: Highly fluorescent and soluble dyes


                 S-1        S-3        S-5        S-7        S-9        S-11      S-13       S-15     S-17     S-19

Figure 1. Solubilities L of perylenecarboximdes of the S-n series (circles and solid lines) in lipophilic media compared with N-N'-bis-n-alkyl derivatives (diamonds and dashed lines). Review: H. Langhals, Helv. Chim. Acta 2005, 88, 1309-1343.
 FLUORESCENCE OF S-13

Further derivatives:  S-21      S-25       S-33     S-37     R10

Reviews and syntheses:

[1] Review: H. Langhals, J. Electr. & Electron. Systems 2014, 3, 125; http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2332-0796.1000125.
[2] Review: H. Langhals, 'Chromophores for picoscale optical computers', in K. Sattler (ed.), Fundamentals of picoscience, p. 705-727, Taylor & Francis Inc. CRC Press Inc., Bosa Roca/US 2013; ISBN 13: 9781466505094, ISBN 10: 1466505095.
[3] Review: H. Langhals, Helv. Chim. Acta. 2005, 88, 1309-1343.
[4] Review: H. Langhals, Heterocycles 1995, 40, 477-500.
[5] Syntheses: H. Langhals, S. Demmig, T. Potrawa, J. Prakt. Chem. 1991, 333, 733-748.
[6] Syntheses: S. Demmig, H. Langhals, Chem. Ber. 1988, 121, 225-230.


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